The World’s Most Iconic Sports Car
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The 911 Generations & Brief History
The Original 911 (1963 - 1973)
The Porsche 911 was introduced to the world in the fall of 1963 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. It was developed as a replacement for the highly successful Porsche Model 356. The original air-cooled, boxer-engined 911 was in production from 1964 through 1989 (the original F-Body cars and then the G-Body cars).
We all know the 901 story don't we? A prototype of the 901, as it was called for a brief period, was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show. Production slowly started in September 1964 and the 901 was shown at the October 1964 Paris Motor Show, barely one month after the start of production. Peugeot objected to the model number, saying that it had the rights to three-digit model numbers with a zero as the middle digit. Although this would only apply to sales in France, Porsche decided to just add a “1,” creating the 911. There were about 80 cars built and labeled 901 before the change.
It was decided to use the lower-cost 356 engine in the new 911 body and call the resulting model the 912. This was successful to the point that the 912 outsold the 911 two to one for a couple years. The last year for the 912 in this form was 1969. The first edition of the 911 was built around a 130 hp, 2.0 liter, flat-six, air-cooled, rear-mounted engine. In 1966 the beefier 160hp 911S was introduced as the first variation of the 911. The "S" which stood for "Super" boasted performance upgrades and modifications that included larger valves, a higher compression ratio, better porting and larger carbuerator jets. Along with the mechanical tweaks, the 911S also received chassis upgrades in the form of a rear anti-roll bar, Koni shocks, distinctive 5-spoke Fuchs alloy wheels and ventilated disc brakes. This really marked the beginning of the 911 as a genuine performance car. This was also the first year for the Targa.
For 1969 Porsche made the single biggest change to the 911 thus far by lengthening the wheelbase 2.5 inches to reduce the oversteer characteristics inherent to rear-engined cars. Pre-1969 cars are often referred to as the short-wheel base cars (SWB) and 1969 onwards called the long-wheelbase cars (LWB). In LWB cars, two 12-volt batteries were installed in each front corner in a further attempt to improve the handling, instead of the earlier bumper-weight solution. They also expanded the model range to three versions, which now included T, E, and S. The E and S got a new induction system in the form of mechanical fuel injection (MFI) to meet emission standard. The next two years, 1970 and 1971, can almost be taken as one step, since there were almost no differences in that time frame. The three model variants, T, E, and S, remained, but the 912 was dropped. Engine displacement was increased to 2.2 liters, the E and S retained mechanical fuel injection, and the T still met emissions with carburetors.
1972 and 1973 can also be taken as one group because there were very few changes from year to year. 1973 marked the end of the longhood 911, when, in 1974, the design of the original body style was changed in order to meet new bumper crash standards. The 1972 and 1973 engine displacement was increased again to 2.4 liters to gain back some power lost from compression ratio reductions to meet the new lower-octane lead-free fuel.. The Type 915 transmission was a totally new design. It was stronger and had a more user friendly H pattern for the first four gears, instead of the old dog-leg first gear that was down and to the left. 1972 was also the first and only time to date where the oil tank was mounted ahead of the right-rear wheel (other than the few 911Rs in 1967 and 1968) for weight distribution reasons.
We can't talk about the classic 911 without mentioning the most famous 911 of all. The 1973 911 Carrera RS was built largely to homologate the faster 911 RSR race car for GT racing and it may be the purest 911 ever made. It is still the GOAT.
Porsche 911 G-Body (1973 - 1989)
The Porsche 911 G model was a true perennial and was built for a full 17 years. During this time, engines were built with 2.7, 3.0 and 3.2 liters. The narrow G-model (from 1974 to 1977) over the 911 SC, the Carrera 3.0 to the Carrera 3.2 gave it a large variety of variants, colors and equipment. The G-Body saw the introduction of impact bumpers to conform with low speed protection requirements of U.S. law, these bumpers being so successfully integrated into the design that they remained unchanged for 15 years. In 1974 the engine size was increased to 2,687 cc, giving an increase in torque. The use of K-Jetronic CIS Bosch fuel injection in two of the three models in the line up - the 911 and 911S models, retaining the narrow rear wings of the old 2.4, now had a detuned version of the RS engine producing 150 and 175 bhp (110 and 129 kW) respectively.
Ten years after the car made its premiere, the Porsche engineers gave the 911 a comprehensive makeover. Known as the 'G-model', the new generation 911 was built from 1973 to 1989 – a longer period than any other. A particular feature of this evergreen was the striking bellows-style bumpers – an innovation created in order to comply with the latest US crash test requirements. Three-point safety belts fitted as standard and seats with integrated headrests also provided increased occupant safety. A further milestone in the car's history came in 1974, when Porsche brought out the first 911 Turbo with a three-litre engine, 260 hp and a striking rear spoiler. With its unique combination of luxury and performance the 'Turbo' became a synonym for the Porsche brand. In 1977 came the next performance level: the 911 Turbo 3.3 was given a charge air cooler and at 300 hp was the highest performance car of its class. On the naturally aspirated side the 911 Carrera re placed the SC in 1983 and, having an engine capacity of 3.2 litres and 231 hp, became a much loved collector's piece. Lovers of fresh air were able to buy this 911 as a convertible from 1982. In launching the 911 Carrera Speedster in 1989, Porsche was building on a legend.
Engineers searching for the "ideal charge" – optimum combustion of the air-fuel mixture – is almost as old as the combustion engine itself. The technicians aim to get as much air as possible into the cylinders so that, when it is compressed and mixed with fuel, it can create a high operating pressure and therefore high output by means of combustion. The 911 Turbo, presented in 1973, was a forward-looking study as its 3-litre turbo engine boasted charge pressure control on the exhaust side which had previously been thoroughly tested in the motor racing sector. With the 911 Turbo, which was ready for series production in 1974, Porsche was the first car manufacturer to successfully adapt the turbocharger to the various driving states. Instead of the conventional intake-side control, the company developed exhaust-side charge pressure control. This prevented unwanted excess pressure during partial load or overrun by guiding excess exhaust gases via a bypass instead of through the exhaust gas turbine. When charge pressure was needed again during an acceleration phase, the bypass valve closed and the turbine could work to its full capacity in the exhaust stream.
In 1975, Porsche responded to the issue of corrosion with emphatic success. The 911 was the first series production car to be given a body which was galvanised on both sides – allowing Porsche to offer a six-year corrosion warranty which was extended to seven years for the 1981 model year and then later to as much as ten years. The treated body-in-white not only improved the service life but also vehicle safety as the process preserved the overall rigidity and the crash safety characteristics of the body, despite vehicle aging. It plays a part in the reputation of the 911 as being an extremely durable vehicle – two thirds of all the 911 cars ever built are still licenced for road use today. Extensive tests were carried out before the body was launched for series production. This included trials with stainless steel as the body material – three shiny silver prototypes were made from this material, one of which can be seen today at the Deutsches Museum in Munich. However, the engineers decided not to use stainless steel but to galvanise the body-in-white as this was easier to produce. Driving the prototypes through a bath of salty water to test the resistance to corrosion is a legendary part of the test course in Weissach.
Porsche 911 964 (1988 - 1994)
In 1989 Porsche came out with the 911 Carrera 4 (964). The new 911 was a contemporary take on the classic two-door sports car and came at a time when many were predicting the end of the 911 (the company was producing the 944 and working on the upcoming 968). The long run of the previous 911 meant the 964 needed a major update and Porsche delivered on that promise with 85% new components and virtually none of the predecessor’s architecture used.
Save for the introduction of aerodynamic polyurethane bumpers and an automatically-extending rear spoiler which replaced the “whale tail” found on the 911 throughout the 1980’s, externally, the 964 kept the same style as the classic 911. The interior was an almost entirely reimagined Porsche 911 with more modern design that was intended to blend performance with comfort. The new 911 featured many creature comforts that had been lacking in earlier versions of the car including a Tiptronic automatic transmission, power steering, dual front airbags, dual-mass flywheel, ABS, retractable rear spoiler and twin-spark ignition.
The 964 rode on a completely redesigned chassis with rear suspension switching from torsion bar to trailing arms with Porsche’s “Weissach” rear axle, which added self-steering elements to reduce the chance of oversteer. It featured a naturally aspirated 3.6 liter boxer engine that produced an impressive 250 horsepower. It was the introduction of an all-wheel drive Carrera 4 model that really captured the attention of the automotive community as a whole. The fully mechanical all-wheel drive system was revolutionary for its time, sensing wheels slippage and automatically transferring power elsewhere, ensuring that the driver could maintain a greater degree of control whenever the driving environment became less manageable.
Porsche 911 993 (1993 - 1998)
In 1993 the Porsche 993 Carrera was presented to the general public as the successor for the 964. The Porsche 993 was the fourth generation of the Porsche 911 and easily the most loved iteration and the last of the aircooled Porsche 911s. It was more sophisticated and durable than the Type 964 that came before it, the significant technical advances in the underpinnings created a more civilized car and a greatly improved handling experience too. The 993 retained the 3.6 L m64/01 engine from the 964 but it was re-designated as M64/05.
The work on the Type 993 began in 1989 when design work started on the 964's successor. Tony Hatter was in charge of the design team that would take the 964 design, revise the flow and shape, and release the refined and balanced 993 to immediate acclaim. It was (and still is) the prettiest 911 design ever. This new design featured the iconic 911 silhouette but showcased a more unibody design comprised of updated exterior panels, a lowered stance, more flared wheel arches, and fully integrated smooth front and rear bumper designs. The now steel body shell was wide-styled to accommodate a new multi-link suspension. The car became lower and the new elliptic headlamps, as well as fully integrated bumpers gave the 993 a fresh look, without losing the identity of the 911.
The 993 Porsche 911 Carrera was introduced in Coupé and Cabriolet form in 1994. The Targa version followed for the 1996 model year. A year later came the Carrera 4, again in both Coupé and Cabriolet body styles. The Targa variant came in 1996 and featured an all-new retractable glass roof. The 993 Turbo coupe was introduced in 1995 and featured wider rear wheel arches, a fixed wing in the rear that housed the intercoolers and revised front and rear bumper moldings. It also got 408 bhp from its 3.6 liter twin turbo flat 6. The 993 Turbo S was offered in 1997 as a high-spec model and got 424 bhp. The model 993 Carrera 4S and Carrera S were offered in 1996 and 1997 respectively. Both models got the Turbo-look wide body and lower stance but were much like the standard Carrera internally. In 1995 and 1996, Porsche offered a 3.8 liter, 300 bhp, lightweight variant called the Carrera RS. This version was outfitted with a stationary rear wing, front flaps and 18-inch aluminum wheels. The interior featured racing seats, basic Spartan door panels, no rear seats and minimal noise reduction effort. The model Carrera RS Clubsport, a further variant of the RS, was a more extreme version with welded roll cage, a deeper chin spoiler and a larger rear wing. The top of the 993 range was the GT2 (initially sold as the 911 GT). It was Porsche's twin turbo track star, built for the road to meet homologation requirements. Due to the rules passed by the racing sanctions, all-wheel drive cars were prohibited from competition, consequently the model GT2 was only available in a rear-wheel drive version. It first arrived in 1995 with a 3.6 liter twin turbo engine and 424 bhp. It got a nice upgrade in 1998 and power was increased to 450 bhp.
While the GT2 and other special variants were rare, it is worth mentioning the super-rare variants of the model 993, both never officially offered for sale. The Speedster, with a lower profile and custom interior, and the Turbo Cabriolet powered by a single-turbo 3.6L engine boasting 360 hp. Only two Speedsters were built by the factory, the first was a dark green model built in 1995 for Ferdinand Porsche himself in celebration of his 60th anniversary, and the second, a silver model that was originally delivered to actor Jerry Seinfeld as a Targa version and sent back to Porsche-Exclusive to be converted to a Speedster. Fourteen Turbo Cabriolets were built by the factory in 1995 before the introduction of the Turbo coupe and could be purchased for 62% above the cost of a standard model 993 Cabriolet. Interestingly, these Turbo Cabriolet cars got 964 underpinnings and drivetrains.
The 993 Porsche 911 was a strong seller too. In all, almost 70,000 cars were produced from 1994 through 1998. The top seller was the Carrera Coupe with 23,127 units made, followed by the Cabriolet version at 15,499 units. The Carrera 4S sold 6,948 units while the Carrera S sold 3,714 units. The base Turbo sold well at 5,978 units while the Carrera RS was rarer with just over a thousand units sold.
Porsche 911 996 (1997 - 2005)
The introduction of the 911 Model 996 in 1998 ushered in a whole new era for Porsche. Gone was the air-cooled flat six, replaced with an all-new, modern, water-cooled flat-six. The 996 911 was the first redesigned 911 model that didn't carry over any significant components from it's predecessors, significant for Porsche at the time as it was known to iterate on the original 911 formula and technology. The 996 was a big deal. It was totally revamped from the inside out.
In 1998, the 996 was only offered in coupe and cabriolet versions with either rear-wheel or 4-wheel drive. The Turbo variant appeared in 2001 and came well equipped with a 3.6 L Turbocharged Flat 6 (M96/70), good for 415 bhp @ 6000 rpm and 415 ft lbs @ 2700 rpm. 0 to 60 mph was over in 4.0 seconds flat and top speed was almost 190 mph. Two years later, in 2002, the X50 option became available on the Turbo model boosting it's power to 450 hp. The model 996 Turbo S came in 2005 and got 450 hp and was available in both coupe and cabriolet.
All of the standard models received a minor makeover in 2002 (becoming known as the 996.2 cars), which included Turbo-style headlights, a freshly designed front clip and an increase in engine capacity to 3.6L along with a subsequent 20 hp boost. The bodies were more rigid which further improved handling and safety and the lower, stiffer X74 suspension became available as a factory modification. The model Carrera 4S, more commonly known as the C4S, was introduced in 2002 as well. The C4S was clad with the wide body look of the Turbo and also shared it's brake and suspension set-up. Production of the Targa began in 2002.
Two lightweight GT variants were produced using the model 996 platform. The GT2 variant was put on hold for two years while Porsche focused on the new model GT3. The model GT3 was produced in two versions, both of which were stripped of most of their luxuries and geared more toward performance. The first version, the model Mk.I GT3, was released in 1999 but was never available in the United States. It was powered by a 3.6L flat-6 engine that produced 360 hp. The second version, the Mk.II GT3, was available to the United States market and featured better aerodynamics along with a more powerful version of the 3.6L which produced 380 hp.
The new model GT2 finally arrived in 2001. It was developed primarily as a road car in contrast to it's counterpart, the track-oriented GT3. The model GT2 sported wider fenders to accommodate bigger wheels and tires, a more aggressively angled nose and a large, fixed rear wing. The heart of the beast was a re-tweaked version of the model 996 Turbo's 3.6L twin turbo engine. Larger turbochargers and intercoolers, upgraded intake and exhaust and re-programmed control software resulted in a 489 hp adrenaline rush that could take you from 0-60 in under 4 seconds and carry a top speed of 198 mph.
Two Special Editions of the model 996 were released during it's production. The first was introduced as "The 911 for the Millennium". It was based on the model 911 Carrera 4 coupe and finished in Violet Chromaflair paint. Only 911 were produced, and each one is distinguishable by unique badging on the engine lid and a numbered plate on the center console. The second Special Edition was released in 2004 to celebrate the 911's 40th anniversary. The Anniversary Edition was loaded with extras and was only available in Carrera GT Silver. 1,963 cars were built to
Porsche 911 997 (2004 - 2011)
On May 7, 2004, Porsche announced that the new 911 generation will come as a 2005 model, as a successor to the 996 model. The 997 ended up being the most commercially successful 911 of all time, selling over 200,000 units during its production run. It marked the return to the classic 911 styling after the 996's "fried egg" look. Today many consider it the quintessential 911 design and the last of the pure 911 sports cars. Some 45 iterations of road cars in total were made but the 997’s significance should not be measured purely on its commercial success. This was a milestone car for successfully introducing the dual clutch PDK transmission to Porsche’s 911, and also Porsche’s now ubiquitous and ingenious active suspension management or ‘PASM’.
The 997 represented a significant relaunch of the 911 that included a major body restyling and interior update, while using much of the rolling chassis of the outgoing 996. At launch there were two uprated versions of the water cooled Carrera engines - the Carrera 3.6 and the Carrera S 3.8. As with all new 911s, both offered a better package than the previous models and the restyle in particular gave the 997 a more classic attractiveness that was arguably missing on the 996. The headlamps were round again, the body more curvaceous and the interior completely new. The Porsche Communication Management (PCM) screen became standard. The new Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) was standard on the S version and optional for the base 911. Pressing the "sport" button made the PASM shock absorbers firmer. The 997 Carrera came with 18" wheels and the 997 Carrera S with 19". At the back, the Porsche 997 can be identified over its predecessor by the centre of the rear bumper sitting higher than the bottom of the taillights. As with the outgoing 996, the 997 was offered with narrow and wide-body specification. The additional width reserved for the all-wheel models, including the range-topping Turbo (except for GTS variants that came in 2011).
Two versions were available from the launch, the Carrera with a 325hp 3.6 and the 3.8 S with an extra 30hp. The Carrera was good for 0-62 in 4.8 seconds and 177mph, the Carrera S dropping the sprint time by two tenths and extending the top speed to 182mph. Porsche bolstered the range with Carrera 4 models and a Targa, which arrived later in 2004 with a 44mm wider rear track. A six-speed Tiptronic automatic was also added to the options list at around the same time in 2004, supplementing the standard and newly developed six-speed manual. The Cabriolet models did not have the hardtop included (as did the 996), and offered a fully electric deployment of the roof. The Targas had the glass panoramic sunroof and offered an airy cockpit feel with a very useful opening rear tailgate. The Turbo was added to the 997 line up featuring a twin-turbocharged 3.6 Mezger engine producing 480 bhp. For Gen 2 models engine capacity was raised to 3.8 and power jumped up to 530bhp for the Turbo S. The Normally Aspirated 997 GT3 also joined the ranks for 2007 with a track-focused set and generous 415 bhp on tap. The hardcore GT3 RS kept the same power but skimmed an additional 20kg of the overall weight of the car.
This specification remained largely unchanged for the cars built until June 2008. Now referred to as Gen 1 cars, they were replaced by the Gen 2 For 2009 MY production the 997 was revised and whilst still retaining the 3.6 and 3.8-litre displacement, the engines themselves were changed from the faithful Mezger type to a DFI unit (Direct Fuel Injection) with the power increased to 355 BHP and 385 BHP respectively (circa 500 BHP for the Turbo). Other changes included some minor body tweaks to the bumpers, wheel designs and wing mirrors as well as introducing LED front running lights and LED rear light units. Porsche also introduced an all-new seven-speed PDK dual-clutch automatic in place of the Tiptronic. The new transmission and changes to the engines improved economy and power, increasing the 3.6's output to 345hp and the S model to 385hp. The GT3 gained a further 20bhp and the RS now 25kg lighter boasted 450 bhp by the time the 997.2 version came around.
But there was more to come, naturally. During the course of the 997’s life, Porsche also offered its usual array of higher performance and limited edition models. By the end of production, the second generation 997 Turbo S was making some 523bhp, good for 60mph in a fraction over three seconds and very nearly enough to pass 200mph. Meanwhile, the motorsport department in Weissach were making hay with the GT series, producing even more polished versions of the GT2 and GT3 in both regular and ‘RS’ guise. The GT cars were absolutely perfect. Porsche’s 911 GT2 RS was a lightweight, twin-turbocharged, 620-hp bout of madness that stemmed from Stuttgart’s quest to see how high up the sports-car ladder the 911 could punch. It is the most serious roadgoing Porsche ever. The result is 620 hp at 6500 rpm and 516 lb-ft of torque at 2250. It gets a six-speed manual gearbox and rear-drive only. The highlight of the 997 range however was the less powerful GT3 RS 4.0. The headline power figure and the ability to rev to 8,500 snare your attention, but the most staggering aspect of this engine is actually its tractability. Mid-range lunge is marvelous, even if the peak number of 339 pound-feet doesn't sound huge in the context of short gear ratios, lightweight, and a compact frontal area. In third gear, the way this thing flies between 4,500 and 8,500 rpm is scintillating. This is one special car.
Porsche 911 991 (2012 - 2018)
The Type 991 911 series was the seventh generation of the iconic 911. The 991 generation models were unmistakably 911 in looks and design philosophy, but the 991 was really the ultimate evolution of Porsche 911s becoming highly technical, high quality and well built machines. Quality improved and the technology jump finally vaulted Porsche to the top of the automakers in terms of building the best cars on the planet. The Type 991 represented the most technically advanced 911 model to date and the 991 looked more powerful than any other 911 before – an effect that was heightened by the wider track and a stretched wheelbase. It also featured adaptive aerodynamics: the 911 was the first series sports car from Porsche to adopt this technology from the 918 Spyder hybrid super sports car.
On the inside, the 911 ranges got a more modern design and enhanced ergonomics with higher quality materials. At the same time, the new Porsche Communication Management (PCM) was introduced with improved connectivity, multitouch monitor and real-time traffic information (it was updated thoroughly in 2017 with the 991.2 update also). The 991 911 was more athletic and more powerful than ever before. The lightweight body in aluminium-steel design was again more rigid and helped to reduce the weight by over 90 pounds. The 991 was also the Porsche 911 that cemented the "lots of variants" approach for Porsche, with over 20 variants produced for every niche you can imagine. Commercially, the 991 was a huge success, with Porsche selling 233,540 units from its production in 2011 till the last one rolled off the production line in December 2019.
The 991.1 generation cars launched as MY 2012 cars. The 345hp 3.4 liter Carrera and 400hp 3.8 liter Carrera S launched first, in both Coupe and Cabriolet bodystyles and could be had with either rear and all-wheel drive drivetrains. The 991s all got electric power steering which took away some of the feel we were used to. The Carrera S got PASM standard (optional on the Carrera). The new Turbo (in coupe and cabriolet) came out in 2013, now with a whopping 512hp 3.8 liter twin-turbo powerplant and absurd performances. The Targa 4 and Targa 4S launched as 2014 MY cars, this time with the traditional "targa" roof and the best open/close automated dance in the business. The pick of the "regular" 911 range has to be the GTS models (available in lots of configurations), designed to fill the gap between the Carrera S and the track focused GT3, with their own look and feel and all the right options out of the box. Truly special.
For the 2016 model year, the 991 evolved into its second generation. The updated Porsche 911s (referred to as 991.2 or 991 II) introduced new styling including updated front and rear bumpers, new dual exhaust pipes along with new head and tail lights and options, along with all new, 3.0-litre twin-turbocharged flat-six engines across the range. Marking the first time the base 911 models had turbocharged engines. Despite the engines smaller capacity and turbos, it was a useful 30hp increase for the Carrera and 20 hp for the S models and even bigger jump in torque. The change to turbo power also delivered better fuel consumption and lower CO2 emissions, with the only downside being the loss of that glorious naturally aspirated scream.
As expected we saw a lot of special 911s during the 991 generation, as both 991.1 and 991.2 models. The 469 hp 3.8 liter GT3 was groundbreaking but had some technical issues after launch. The 500 hp 3.8-litre GT3 RS took that glory to a whole new level on track. Controversially, both the GT3 and GT3 RS were only available with PDK transmission and rear wheel steering. Porsche fixed this with the 991.2 updates, making the GT3 available with a manual gearbox and even more excitingly, offering us the GT3 Touring option, which removes the wings and made the GT3 a stealth street monster. Perhaps the most interesting 911 generation car was the 911 R, a special edition car that shared most of its underpinnings with the GT3 RS, but does not include the roll cage, rear wing, and associated bodywork for a weight saving of 110 lb. The 911 R comes only with a 6-speed manual transmission and it was one of the most special 911s we have ever driven.
The Porsche 991 was titled World Performance Car 2012 shortly after famed Porsche designer Ferdinand Alexander Porsche died. The GT3 was awarded the title of World Performance Car Of The Year in 2014.
Porsche 911 992 (2019 - Present)
"Faster, more emotional, and more connected" is how Porsche described the eighth generation Porsche 911 in their press release on November 27th 2018. We loved the design, harking back the 993-generation car. The front lid now has the groove in the middle (not so embossed as on the 993, but still) and the lid's front edge is straight, not curvy as it has meanwhile been on the 997 and 991 generations. While the 992 got good design stuff from the 993, its overall stance - its proportions and size - are naturally closer to the 991. The curvy shape of the fenders, especially at the back, is closer to the 993 than ever before. Interesting fact is that the 992 is the first 911 designed completely under Volkswagen.
Compared to its predecessor, the 992 is wider and now uses aluminium body panels. The 992 also has a new rear bumper with larger exhaust tips than its predecessor. While the 992's rear end width stayed the same as on the widebody 991, at the front, the body width was increased by 1.8"/45 mm, making room for the wider front track. The wider rear end is also standard across the entire range. That is really good news for the people who prefer sports cars with rear wheel drive, but at the same time want the wide body look.
The next generation of flat-six turbocharged engines has been further developed to be more powerful than ever. There are numerous revisions and tweaks to the powerful turbocharged engines of the 992 Porsche 911 generation that are worth mentioning. A larger central intercooler is found at the rear, replacing the twin intercooler units of the 991 generation. This change results in a 12% larger size that allows for lower intake-air temperatures. Better-flowing exhaust manifolds also help power delivery on the 992. Engine compression ratios have increased from 10.1:1 to 10.5:1 while maintaining 16-psi of boost pressure. Carrera S horsepower outputs increase from 420 to 450 as a result. Although brake rotor sizes remain the same, the newly optional PBSB (Porsche Surface Coated Brake) system helps enhance braking performance. The 992 engine has the compulsory particulate filter which adds around 10 kg/22 lb. The PDK multi-clutch automatic transmission has 8 speeds. The first gear has a shorter gear ratio than before, which better matches lower gears to the turbocharged engines. The 8-speed PDK is 20 kg /44 lb heavier than the previous 7-speed PDK in the 991. Cars with manual transmission come with rear differential lock and Sport Chrono package with automatic rev-match function. When the driver shifts down, this function automatically opens the throttle to increase the engine speed to match the gearbox speed.
The body is constructed to better safeguard the occupants in the case of an accident and is 12 kg/26 lb heavier despite the full aluminium outer skin. The larger wheels are heavier, too. All in all, the 992 with the PDK is approximately 55 kg/110 lb heavier than its predecessor. The new cabriolet roof hydraulics reduce opening time to around 12 seconds and the new engine mounting position makes the cabriolet torsionally more rigid than its predecessor. This allows - for the first time - to offer PASM Porsche Active Suspension Management sport chassis for the 911 Cabriolet. The PASM package lowers the car by 10 mm, the springs are harder, the front and rear anti-roll-bars more rigid.
The interior is completely new, but classic from the first glance. The gear selector is very small and only acts to select forward or backward driving direction. The instrument cluster is similar to the latest Panamera - the central tachometer gauge is accompanied with digital screens on the left and right. The touchscreen now has a diameter of 10.9". The car is permanently connected (while the GSM network is available) and the online navigation system is based on swarm intelligence. The new optional lightweight laminated noise-insulating glazing offers a weight advantage of around 4 kg/9 lb.
As expected, Porsche launched the Carrera S and 4S first and then we saw the rest of the lineup trickle in over the following 12 - 18 months. In 2021, we saw the full GTS lineup announced and the 911 GT3 (now with a dedicated GT3 Touring model). The lineup has never looked better and we cannot wait to see the rest of the special editions get rolled out in coming months.